The Arabic language is the language of the Noble Qur’an, which God Almighty revealed to His Messenger Muhammad – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – and it is the official language in the Arab countries, and one of the most widespread languages in the world. The Arabic language has been adopted as an official language in the United Nations , and it consists of twenty-eight letters. It is called the language of the daad, because it is the only letter present in it, apart from the rest of the languages of the world, and it is the language of eloquence and eloquence. From the article comes a talk about methods of teaching Arabic to children and adults.
The easiest way to teach Arabic to children and adults:
They said in the old days that science in childhood is like engraving with stone, and this is an indication what the child learns is cemented in his memory and he does not forget it easily, and that is why parents are advised to start educating their children in the early stages of their lives, as this helps in developing their brains and developing their ability to memorize , and parents may seek To teach their children the Arabic language, either as a mother tongue or as a second language if they are not native speakers. The following are the most important methods of teaching Arabic to children:
The deductive method: It is also called the inductive method, and it is a method used for those of school age, meaning that the student is able to extract information from a text that is read in front of him, and this method depends on the student’s observation and observation, but it is taken on this method that not all students can be At one level of understanding, which means varying results by accepting the information and being able to conclude.
Standard method: This method is also for school- age children , and it depends on the teacher who explains the material. Positive in a short time, and some drawbacks are taken on this method, which is that it makes the student adopt the method of indoctrination and his task becomes memorization only, and becomes ineffective in the learning process, as his participation is limited and within the question posed by the teacher.
Connected Methods Method: This method relies on complete texts, and one of its advantages is that it teaches the student to link words together, thus activating the grammatical rules that have been studied, and it is also a popular method for students, as the teacher can choose a text that represents a situation from daily life situations, and this removes boredom from Students, and motivates them to participate and interact with the teacher.
The method of discussion and dialogue: This is a very effective educational method, and allows the student to participate in the educational process, so his role is not only to receive, but rather contribute to the production of information through dialogue between him and the teacher and his fellow students, and one of the advantages of this method is that it removes boredom from the class, and it enhances Collaboration between colleagues and encouraging them to ask questions and provide answers, and that would teach students the methods of meaningful and effective dialogue in terms of presenting an opinion and accepting the other opinion.
The method of recitation and memorization: This method is one of the methods used since ancient times, and it is an effective and positive way to stabilize the information for the recipient, and it can also be used with children under school age, as the teacher gives the learner Quranic verses, poetic verses, or grammatical and morphological rules and then gives him some time to memorize them. , the student teacher to make sure Visamaha saved.
Interactive teaching method: This method is useful in educating children for young under the age of school, aims to teach the Arabic language through interaction, they can be taught the Koran through it runs out one of the readers and make the child back from behind, and there are websites that contribute to the education of the Arabic language in an interactive way Such as Asafir website and Kids.go website, and children can be taught the Arabic language through songs or stories and tales, and this method helps the child to link pictures with words and helps him to memorize letter forms.
The most important ways to teach children the correct Arabic language Empowering the child with alphabets, the first and most important steps are for the child to know each letter separately and distinguish it from the rest of the letters, and to be able to write it in all its forms, then he will be able to link letters to each other and form words reading and writing, and the best ways to teach the child these letters are with the help of drawings And the shapes, and linking the letter to a particular scene or a certain image to remain in the mind of the child, and the Internet sites specialized in this matter are many and varied, and the CDs, comic books and interactive whiteboard programs are almost innumerable. Teach the child to read words wherever he sees them, such as asking him to spell storefronts or big bags, or the names of the candy he eats, and any place where he can find words written in large and clear letters. Gradually the child to read the comics, even if this is difficult in the beginning, but with time he will find it feasible. At first, the child may resort to knowing the events through pictures only, but he will move to the next step directly; For example, he begins to spell words and links what he spells to the pictures he saw, which gives him flexibility in guessing the word and thus reading it faster than if it were without pictures. Exposing the child to reading purposeful newspapers, and this will give him great confidence in himself, as children view newspapers and magazines as great things and carry a wide knowledge and culture, and a small child cannot read them, but if he finds himself reading large and clear headlines, and finds in return for stimulation and encouragement, then This will only make him persevere so that he always gets compliments. Include the child in the summer programs held by clubs and schools, which teach the child the basics of the Arabic language at the hands of experienced teachers who are able to communicate ideas in the fastest time and with the least effort, and in a way that ensures the stability of the information in the child’s mind. Encouraging the child to watch cartoon films in sound Standard Arabic, as this will enrich his linguistic inventory and he will have a good amount of words. Talking to the child in Classical Arabic from time to time. One of the most important things that parents should pay attention to regarding language is the issue of nannies who sit with the children for long hours. The nanny may sit with the child more than his parents sit with him, and this is a dangerous matter, especially if the nanny is from a different culture, does not speak Arabic and is far away. Away from the Arab and Islamic culture, because it will have the greatest influence on the child at this stage, and therefore it is better for the woman to choose an Arab nanny for her child to convey to him the correct language and culture. All this concern stems from the fact that the rituals of the religion can only be applied in sound Arabic, such as prayer, reading the Qur’an, reading biography books and hadiths, and other things. The importance of learning the Arabic language Language is the basis of social life, and it is the first door to communication between individuals, and learning additional languages would make the individual more able to learn, and his culture increases, and there is great importance arising from learning and teaching the Arabic language, the most important of which are:
Arabic is the language of the Noble Qur’an, and a Muslim can only pray by reciting verses from the Noble Qur’an. Some speakers of languages other than Arabic seek to learn it and learn the Noble Qur’an , so teachers who specialize in Arabic can teach it to them. Teaching the Arabic language, especially to non-native speakers, gives them a perception of the Arab civilization and its advantages. Learning the Arabic language would develop the individual’s ability to present the same meaning in different ways. The Arabic language is the language of eloquence and eloquence, and there are many synonyms and words that carry more than one meaning. The Arabic language is an important tool for communication between individuals, and there are millions of peoples who speak the Arabic language, and its study helps in studying the history and literature of those civilizations. Departments of Arabic Language Sciences The Arabic language is a sea of sciences, since the dawn of Islam and scholars have been interested in imposing rules to protect the Arabic language, as it is the language of religion, and there are a large number of books written by their owners in the service of the Arabic language, and the shelves of libraries are full of these valuable references, and each section of the Arabic language has a number of specialized books The scholars have divided the sciences of the Arabic language into 11 sciences, which are:
Linguistics: It is the study of language in and of itself, as defined by Saussure. Morphology or morphology: It is a science that studies the structure of the word itself in terms of inflection, substitution, heart, singular, dual, and plural. Grammar: It is a science concerned with the study of the sentence and its structure, and Ibn Jinni defined it as the swerving of the Arabs in their speech. The science of meanings: It is a follow-up to the properties of speech structures and their usefulness, and the related approval and other things. The science of rhetoric: It is one of the sciences of rhetoric and is concerned with studying the same meaning in different ways, and it is the apparent significance of the hidden meaning as defined by Al-Jahiz Badi science: one of the branches of rhetoric, which is specialized in badiah and verbal improvements of speech. Ilm Al-Adarat: It is the science by which true poetry is known from its corrupt, and it was developed by Al-Khalil bin Ahmed Al-Farahidi. The science of rhymes: It is a science that studies the proportionality of the miracles and defects of poetic verses. The science of writing laws: It is a science by which the faces of writing letters are known and drawn, and how to begin writing. The science of the laws of reading: It is a science that examines the faces of the frequent Qur’anic readings, which were mentioned by the Messenger – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – in his reading of the Holy Qur’an. The science of composing letters and sermons: The science of composing letters and speeches, in general , deals with how well- considered and eloquent writing , including phrases that are appropriate and appropriate for the place in which they are said.
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