The difference between colloquial and classical Arabic language:
There are many studies and research on this issue, but most of these studies were not sufficiently accurate due to the lack of sources and references studying the topic. Brief explanatory, on the difference between colloquial and formal language as follows:
First: The Colloquial Dialect
The colloquial dialect is the vernacular method used by the majority of people in all parts of the world, as it is a linguistic phenomenon in all countries of the world, and by which all verbal dealings are conducted.
The reasons for their occurrence:
There are several factors behind the formation of the vernacular, with its different dialects, including: 1- The geographical factor.
The geographical area of the speakers of the language expands, as mountains and rivers separate them, so communication between them decreases, so the language begins to change gradually, and speakers of the language take different paths from others, which leads to the emergence of a new dialect.
The social worker:
The social conditions in multi-layered environments lead to a multitude of classes, as each class tries to have its own language and distinctive style.
The political factor:
Perhaps the separation of a tribe or state, belief in a political doctrine or embracing a new religion, may contribute to the introduction of new terms and conventions on the language, all of which contribute to the creation of a new language with new circumstances stemming from political foundations.
This is the most important factor that led to the occurrence of multiple dialects, and the victory of one over another, according to linguistic laws. The stronger language, culturally and financially, is victorious.
Linguistic references clarify that the origins of modern colloquial dialects go back to the ancient dialects of the Arabs, where they were classified into different types, including:
Lie down: It is slackening in speech, or slowing down in it and its owners (Qais)
Diligence: This is a type of severe tilt. In it, the Alef is closer to the Omega than it is to its origin, the Alef and its companions (Qais, Tamim, and Asad).
Al-Talalal: pronouncing the fraction character, the present-day letter, with an absolute direction to (with knowledge).
Al-Shanshnah: It is the substitution of the letter “kaf” as a shina at all among the people of Yemen, especially when they say “” to bish “. This pronunciation is still common among the people of Hadramout.
The ruffle: It is the feminine kaf switch at the endowment, Shina towards (aitish) in the I give you in the endowment state.
Advantages of colloquial dialects:
Some advocates of colloquialism see that it has several advantages, and on top of these are Anis Freiha, and among these characteristics are the following:
1- The colloquial dialect resembles a sophisticated serpent, changing towards the better, given its description by dropping the syntax, in its regular and familiar form, and adopting the classical standard as its specificity.
2- Economy of language is one of the most important foundations of rhetoric.
3- Neglect, innovation and quotation in the meaning, as many see that it is growing in line with the nature of life and is keen to neglect and kill what should be neglected, and to quote what the necessity dictates.
4- The human element adds to it the tinge of life, for many advocates of colloquial fusha is not the language of speech since it does not express life with its sweetness and cruelty as colloquial does.
Second: The classical language:
Classical language is defined as the language of writing that is used to write books, magazines and newspapers, matters of legislation, judiciary and administration, and compose poetry and artistic prose in it, as well as used in public lectures and teaching, and in subjects related to arts and sciences
1- It is the national language of all Arabs, and the language of faith for more than a thousand million Muslims.
2- The Arabic language is a derivative language based mostly on the chapters of the triple verb, which is unmatched in all Indian and Germanic languages.
3- It is also distinguished by its various styles and phrases, and the ability to express secondary meanings that Western languages cannot express.
4- It is the language closest to the rules of logic.
5- Arabic has given its alphabet to millions of people in Persia, India and Turkey.
The virtue of the Qur’an over the classical one:
Philip de Tarazzi said: “By the power of the Qur’an, Muslims have become a nation united in its language, religion, law and policy; He gathered the diaspora of the Arabs, and it is assumed that had it not been for the Qur’an, thousands of people would not have come to read, write, study and deal with that language, and had it not been for the Qur’an, every country that joined Islam would still be speaking a dialect used by the people of the other country. The Qur’an preserved the understanding in Arabic between Islamic peoples and the Arabs. ”
The relationship of colloquial dialects to classical Arabic:
First: Aspects of convergence
There are Arabic origins for all the colloquial and classical dialects, and for this reason there is a similarity between them, given that they are made by society and the Arabic tongue
- But what is rejected from these dialects are that they are parts of languages that have been destroyed, and they also return Arabic backward because the tribes were disguised as pronouncing, and reversing the historical effort that brought Arabic to its pure, pure form.
Second: The Differences
1- Colloquial is the language of the bike that people speak and use in all their dealings, while Standard Arabic is limited to the private.
2- Colloquialism is freed from most of the restrictions and linguistic provisions, so that it starts with its verbal character as it is the language spoken by the provisions of grammar, morphology and semantic expressions.
3- Most of the colloquial speakers cannot read and write, and they also struggle to understand and comprehend what it means.
4- The colloquial lacks countless scientific and technical terms, and new vocabulary.
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